What is Botox and How it Works?

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botox injectionsBotox was first used as a medical treatment for neurological disorders. Botox works by interrupting the signal from the nerve that tells a muscle to contract. It has been studied for years in clinical trials and was FDA approved as a cosmetic treatment in April of 2002.

The non-invasive injectable cosmetic treatment is in fact a prescription medicine called Botulinum Toxin Type A. The injection of Botox paralyzes the muscle and restricts muscle contractions associated with facial expressions. The Botox treated muscle relaxes, facial movements get blocked and the wrinkle formation slows down. The procedure takes only few minutes to perform and requires no down time. The results are fully evident within one week and stay in place for 3 to 5 months.

This combination of properties made Botox injections the most popular treatment for frown lines, deep wrinkles and overall aged look. Botox works best for around the eyes, between the brows, on the forehead and on lower face.

As any other cosmetic injection, Botox can have side effects, complications and involves some amount of risk. Fortunately, most people tolerate it quite well, but about 3% of patients treated for cosmetic use of Botox report the following side effects: forehead and eyelid drooping, asymmetry of expression, nausea, flu syndrome, respiratory infection, double or blurred vision and headache. Botox injections administrated around the mouth for improved look or shape of your lips may cause unnatural looking movements, difficulty saying the letters "p" and "b", sipping through a straw, etc. There is also a possibility that Botox injection around the corners of your mouth can make them look asymmetrical.

Botox risks associated with the injected area: redness, pain, swelling, bruising, numbness, dry mouth, muscle weakness and bleeding. Allergic reactions have been reported including itchy rash, swelling, and shortness of breath. Normally, the symptoms disappear within a week after injection.

Safety information: 1) avoid alcohol for about a week before and 48 hours after the procedure; 2) Do not use Botox if you are pregnant or breastfeeding; 3) make sure you are not allergic to any of Botox ingredients; 4) Botox injections should be limited to not more than once in 3 months 5) the treatment should be carried out by a qualified medical professional 6) any side effects should be reported to your physician immediately, since the procedure might be harmful.



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