Face Aging Process
Not everyone knows that there
are two different types of aging, one caused by genes we inherit (called internal
aging), which is actually natural skin aging. The other, caused by
environmental factors such as sun exposure, smoking, drinking, repetitive
facial expression and so on, is called external aging and is in reality
premature skin ageing.
Skin biological aging starts at the age of 14-15. At
the age of 28-30 the first signs of aging appear. There are several factors
that contribute to the process of natural skin aging:
1. Skin Cells. Skin cells form in the bottom of the outer skin layer (epidermis) and move up to the surface, where they die. Dead skin cells are continually shed from the skin’s surface. At some point the cell renewal process slows down and the dead skin cells don’t shed as easily as before. Eventually they form a layer, which slows down the process of skin regeneration. On the other hand the process of moisture evaporation speeds up. The increasing skin dryness triggers formation of fine lines and wrinkles. By the age of 50 our skin shows sagging, wrinkles around the eyes and mouth.
2. Loss of Lubricants. As we age the outer skin layer becomes thinner, loses underlying fat and moisture, oil production gradually decreases (especially after the menopause). At this time your skin type can change from oily or normal to dry. However the features of your original skin type still present themselves in a form of enlarged pores (in case of oily skin). Added dryness and sagginess make them look even worse. Dark spots and other signs of aging become more noticeable.
3. Collagen and Elastin Formation. The 2 very important substances in the skin tissue are collagen and elastin. As we age collagen and elastin production within the skin slows down. The skin has less spring and loses the ability to snap back into place. Collagen provides skin firmness and strength, while elastin adds flexibility and resilience. As the production of those two tissues slows down, the skin loses firmness and wrinkle formation intensifies. However, some of new skincare therapies, such as high frequency, red light therapy, LED and others allow to activate collagen and elastin formation.
4. Muscle Tone. This factor greatly influences the process of facial aging. When facial muscles lose tone, the signs of aging become more apparent. The skin on your face and neck is attached directly to the muscles. As years go by the muscle tone gradually decreases and the entire face starts sagging.
5. Bone Loss. Apparently when the bones start shrinking it
makes the whole aging process even worse. The loss of underlying bone structures, such as brow bones, nose, upper jaw and chin influence the appearance of our skin and entire face. The jaw line becomes less pronounced, the skin in cheeks, under the eyes, around the nose and mouth sag more. For now the most common way (except plastic surgery) to deal with these problems is a combination of fillers and botox type injections that help build volume in the places of bone loss.
Most of the skin aging problems can be prevented or addressed by cosmetic therapies that are now available. Your anti-aging efforts are much more effective if started before changes in your skin's complexion and texture become noticeable. It’s never too early to start an anti-aging program, and it is also never too late to slow down the signs of aging and even reverse them.