Facial Scrubs and Skin Exfoliation

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skin polishingExfoliation is an essential part of your weekly skin care routine, not less important than cleansing and moisturizing. Facial scrubs, micro-dermabrasion kits or peels with various acids remove dead cells from the surface of the skin and support skin renewal process. Our body constantly produces skin cells that form in the underlying layers of the skin and move up to the surface. The dead cells then pile up and make your skin look dull and lifeless.

It might surprise you, but our skin sheds about 30,000 dead skin cells a minute. Exfoliation removes the dead skin, improves blood circulation, cleanses clogged pores, brightens skin and keeps it smooth and glowing. The result is a younger looking, healthier skin.

Mechanical Scrub or Chemical Exfoliation?

Scrub includes moisturizing agents, essential oils or creams and abrasive particles. Facial scrubs manually exfoliate your skin, while chemical or enzyme peels use acids to dissolve dead skin cells. A regular face scrub or a “facial polishes” is a cream-based product containing little pieces of crushed seeds or nuts, that physically remove dead skin and increase blood circulation. Chemical facial scrubs include such ingredients as alpha (AHA) or beta hydroxy (BHA) acids, glycolic, citric, or lactic acids to eliminate dry dead scales from the skin's surface while you're wearing the product. An enzyme peel should be applied for a longer time and is beneficial for aging skin.

Who Should Avoid Manual Facial Scrubs – people with easily irritated, acne prone or sensitive skin. The abrasive structure of those scrubs can be too harsh and aggressive for those skin types and cause worsening of your skin conditions. Products tagged “body scrubs” shouldn’t be used for the face where the skin is much more delicate and can be easily damaged.

How to Find a Right Scrub –a wide range of face scrubs are sold in drug stores. To test a scrub - rub a small amount to the inner side of your wrist and wait for few minutes. If it irritates the delicate skin on your wrist, it’s not good for your face either. For dry skin make sure that the scrub contains nourishing ingredients such as cocoa butter, shea butter, jojoba oil, mineral oil or any other emollient. Any type of scrub should be easily rinsed with plain water leaving no residue.

How are Anti Aging Face Scrubs Different – product tagged "anti aging" usually have antioxidant's and anti aging ingredients added, which is reflected in the price. Since the mechanical scrub stays on your face for few minutes only, the addition of these ingredients doesn’t make a big difference and it’s not worth spending more money (if this is the case). If you can’t find an anti aging scrub for the same price, a basic mechanical scrub is good enough. Keep in mind that aging skin may need more intense care than just a mechanical scrub. It makes sense to use chemical and mechanical peels and micro-dermabrasion kits in turns.

How To Apply a Face Scrub - apply to a damp skin after cleansing and massage in a circular motions to the entire face for 1-2 minutes (with your hands or a cosmetic pad). Do not rub too hard as this can cause redness, skin irritation or simply stretch your skin. For more exfoliation use it a little longer rather than applying extra pressure. Rinse off and proceed with your regular skin care products.  Facial scrubs make your skin more sensitive to UV rays, always use a SPF moisturizer after the scrub.

How Often Should You Use a Facial Scrub - depends on your skin type and skin conditions. The anti wrinkle face scrub or peel is recommended to use not more than 1-2 times a week. Cleansing scrubs are gentle enough to be used daily as a part of your skin care routine or 3-4 times a week. People with normal skin type can use scrub once a week. For more oily skin scrub is recommended 2-3 times a week. For acne prone, dry or sensitive skin and skin prone to allergic reactions use natural homemade facial scrubs. This way you know exactly what ingredients are used and can control the roughness of the particles.