Determine Skin Types
Generally speaking our skin falls into 4 categories - normal, oily, dry or combination. It depends on the skin’s moisture content and on how much or how little natural fat your skin produces.
Normal skin has clean, supple and smooth surface. It usually has an even tone due to good blood circulation, smooth texture and absence of visible pores or blemishes. It looks neither dry nor oily. Surprising is the fact that there are quite a few people out there who actually have normal skin. If you are lucky to be one of them and want your bliss to last, you have to take care of your skin daily.
Oily skin is known for its shiny look due to overactive oil production, low blood circulation and enlarged pores. Grease clogs pores, accumulates dirt and makes skin prone to acne, black heads and pimples. Oily skin is usually thick and dull colored. To make matters worse, menstrual cycle affects the appearance of oily skin more than the skin of any other type. During this time skin looks oilier, often inflamed and more acne-prone. The rising levels of progesterone are to be blamed for those ups and downs.
On a bright side is a lower sensitivity level of oily skin which makes it age at a much slower rate than others. Excess grease creates a protective layer preventing moisture evaporation and blocks penetration of harmful substances. Another advantage of oily skin is its ability to improve with age. Many people notice that after 30 their skin type changes to combination or even normal.
Dry skin can be of various origins. The appearance of dry
skin differs depending on many reasons. Naturally dry skin has a fine texture
with small invisible pores. It is transparent and has even tone. However, due
to lack of both oil and moisture tiny expression lines and wrinkles may show up and become permanent while you are still young. Fragile nature of dry skin makes
it flake and chap easily especially during wintertime. It can become irritated
and feel tightened because of weather changes, overexposure to
sun, heat or air conditioning. Use of certain soaps and
skin care products containing alcohol and fragrances can cause redness and irritation.
As years go by skin of any type becomes drier due to the general lack of fat in the body which can be a result of: low-fat diet, liver or pancreas malfunction, lack of vitamins A, C, PP, etc. Dry skin needs special attention and constant care since it ages faster.
Combination skin is known for its uneven oil production. About 70% of women have combination skin. Oily forehead, nose and chin (so called T-zone) with large pores, dryer cheeks and under-eye areas - these are usually the signs of combination skin. Combination skin may become normal as we grow older. It is considered the toughest skin type to deal with because the two opposite skin types have to be treated separately and with different products.
How To Tell What Is Your Skin Type?
Wash your face and pat it dry. 2-3 hours later take a piece of rice paper or a mirror or something that has a clean glass surface. Press it on different areas of your face. If the paper sticks to it or the glass has oily spots on it your skin is oily or combination. If the paper or the glass stays clean your skin is dry or normal.